This article is about the first Roman emperor. For other uses, see Augustus (title).23 September 63 BC Rome. 19 August AD 14 (aged 75) Nola. (37 BCAD 14; his death). Bust of Augustus wearing the Civic Crown.
Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC 19 August AD 14), also known as Octavian , was the first Roman emperor. Reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. His status as the founder of the Roman Principate.
The first phase of the Roman Empire. As one of the most effective leaders in human history.
The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax Romana. The Roman world was largely free from large-scale conflict for more than two centuries, despite continuous wars of imperial expansion on the Empire's frontiers and the year-long civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Originally named Gaius Octavius , he was born into an old and wealthy equestrian branch. His maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar.
In 44 BC and Octavius was named in Caesar's will as his adopted. Son and heir; as a result, he inherited Caesar's name, estate, and the loyalty of his legions. To defeat the assassins of Caesar. Following their victory at the Battle of Philippi. (42 BC), the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic.Among themselves and ruled as de facto dictators. The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart by the competing ambitions of its members; Lepidus was exiled in 36 BC and Antony was defeated by Octavian at the Battle of Actium. After the demise of the Second Triumvirate, Augustus restored the outward façade of the free Republic, with governmental power vested in the Roman Senate. Yet maintained autocratic authority by having the Senate grant him lifetime tenure as supreme military command. A similar ambiguity is seen in his chosen names, the implied rejection of monarchical titles whereby he called himself Princeps. Civitatis (First Citizen) juxtaposed with his adoption of the ancient title Augustus. Augustus dramatically enlarged the Empire, annexing Egypt. And completing the conquest of Hispania.
But suffered a major setback. Beyond the frontiers, he secured the Empire with a buffer region of client states. And made peace with the Parthian Empire. He reformed the Roman system of taxation, developed networks of roads. With an official courier system.
For Rome, and rebuilt much of the city during his reign. Augustus died in AD 14 at the age of 75, probably from natural causes. Persistent rumors, substantiated somewhat by deaths. In the imperial family, have claimed his wife Livia. He was succeeded as emperor by his adopted son Tiberius.Livia's son and also former husband of Augustus' only biological daughter Julia. The item "AUGUSTUS NGC XF ANCIENT ROMAN COINS, 27 BC-AD 14. A810" is in sale since Saturday, October 2, 2021. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)".bean_medals" and is located in Riga, centrs. This item can be shipped worldwide.