Ch VF 4529163-010 Certification: NGC Ancients. Ch XF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 2/5 1883622-018.Hecate or Hekate is a goddess in Greek religion and mythology, most often shown holding two torches or a key and in later periods depicted in triple form. She was variously associated with crossroads, entrance-ways, dogs, light, the moon, magic, witchcraft, knowledge of herbs and poisonous plants, necromancy, and sorcery. In the post-Christian writings of the Chaldean Oracles (2nd-3rd century CE) she was regarded with (some) rulership over earth, sea and sky, as well as a more universal role as Saviour (Soteira), Mother of Angels and the Cosmic World Soul. She was one of the main deities worshiped in Athenian households as a protective goddess and one who bestowed prosperity and daily blessings on the family. Hecate may have originated among the Carians of Anatolia, where variants of her name are found as names given to children.
William Berg observes, Since children are not called after spooks, it is safe to assume that Carian theophoric names involving hekat- refer to a major deity free from the dark and unsavoury ties to the underworld and to witchcraft associated with the Hecate of classical Athens. She also closely parallels the Roman goddess Trivia, with whom she was identified in Rome.
Marcia Otacilia Severa or Otacilia Severa was the Empress of Rome and wife of Emperor Marcus Julius Philippus or Philip the Arab who reigned over the Roman Empire from 244 to 249. Severa was a member of the ancient gens Otacilius who were people of consular and senatorial rank. Severa's father was Otacilius Severus or Severianus, who served as Roman Governor of Macedonia and Moesia, while her mother was a member of gens Marcius or was related to the gens.
According to sources she had a brother called Severianus, who served as Roman Governor of Lower Moesia between 246-247. Little is known on her life before marrying Philip.
In 234, Severa married Philip who served in the Praetorian Guard under Emperor Alexander Severus. Severa had two children with Philip: a son named Marcus Julius Philippus Severus or Philippus II (born in 238) and - according to numismatic evidence - a daughter called Julia Severa or Severina, who is never mentioned by the ancient Roman sources. In February 244, Gordian III was killed in Mesopotamia.
There is a possibility that Severa was involved in a conspiracy to murder Gordian. Philip gave Severa the honorific title of Augusta.Their son was made heir of the purple. Sometimes Severa and Philip are considered as the first Christian imperial couple, because during their reign the persecutions of Christians had ceased and the couple had become tolerant towards the faith of the Christians. Through her intervention, she saved Bishop and Saint Babylas of Antioch from persecution. In August 249, Philip had died in battle in Verona and Decius (emperor) became the new emperor.
Severa was in Rome that time. When the news of Philip's death had reached Rome, Severa's son was murdered by the Praetorian Guard.
The child died in her arms. Severa survived her husband and son and lived later in obscurity.
Her later life is unknown. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent.
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