Maximian - Roman Emperor: 286-305, 307-308 & 310 A. Gold Aureus (17mm, 5.35 gm, 6h). Struck 20 November 303 A. Calicó 4651 (same dies) Pedigree: Ex Frederick S.Knobloch Collection Part II (Stack's, 3 May 1980), lot 1211, M&M XIX (June 1959), lot 260. Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 4/5 4251338-007 MAXIMIA-NVS P F AVG, laureate head of Maximian right.
HERCVLI CONSER AVG ET CAESS NN, Hercules standing facing, head left, quiver over shoulder, holding club set on ground and bow; TR in exerge. Nicely centered and struck in high relief on a round flan. A handsome coin with a noble pedigree.
Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD - Numismatic Expert. Maximian - Roman Emperor 286 - circa 310 A.
(under Diocletian) Augustus, 1st reign: 286-305 A. (with Diocletian) 2nd reign: 307-308 A. (with Maxentius and Constantine I the Great) 3rd reign: circa 310 A.Maximian Latin: Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius Augustus ; c. July 310 was Roman Emperor from 286 to 305. He was Caesar from 285 to 286, then Augustus from 286 to 305. He shared the latter title with his co-emperor and superior, Diocletian, whose political brain complemented Maximian's military brawn.
Maximian established his residence at Trier but spent most of his time on campaign. In late 285, he suppressed rebels in Gaul known as the Bagaudae. From 285 to 288, he fought against Germanic tribes along the Rhine frontier. Together with Diocletian, he launched a scorched earth campaign deep into Alamannic territory in 288, temporarily relieving the Rhine provinces from the threat of Germanic invasion. The man he appointed to police the Channel shores, Carausius, rebelled in 286, causing the secession of Britain and northwestern Gaul.
Maximian failed to oust Carausius, and his invasion fleet was destroyed by storms in 289 or 290. Maximian's subordinate, Constantius, campaigned against Carausius' successor, Allectus, while Maximian held the Rhine frontier.
The rebel leader was ousted in 296, and Maximian moved south to combat piracy near Hispania and Berber incursions in Mauretania. When these campaigns concluded in 298, he departed for Italy, where he lived in comfort until 305. At Diocletian's behest, Maximian abdicated on May 1, 305, gave the Augustan office to Constantius, and retired to southern Italy.In late 306, Maximian took the title of Augustus again and aided his son Maxentius' rebellion in Italy. In April 307, he attempted to depose his son, but failed and fled to the court of Constantius' successor, Constantine (who was both Maximian's step-grandson and also his son-in-law), in Trier. At the Council of Carnuntum in November 308, Diocletian and his successor, Galerius, forced Maximian to renounce his imperial claim again. In early 310, Maximian attempted to seize Constantine's title while the emperor was on campaign on the Rhine.
Few supported him, and he was captured by Constantine in Marseille. Maximian killed himself in mid-310 on Constantine's orders. During Constantine's war with Maxentius, Maximian's image was purged from all public places. However, after Constantine ousted and killed Maxentius, Maximian's image was rehabilitated, and he was deified.
The item "MAXIMIANUS 303AD Authentic Ancient Roman NGC Certified XF GOLD Aureus Coin RARE" is in sale since Friday, April 15, 2016. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)". The seller is "victoram" and is located in Forest Hills, New York.
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