Item: i62061 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Silvered Bronze Antoninianus 22mm (4.30 grams) Lugdunum mint, 284 A. Reference: RIC 216; Bastien 602 Certification: NGC Ancients. Ch AU 4529162-005 IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right.SALVS AVG G, Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake; D in field to right. Numismatic Note: Ancient coins with full silvering are quite scarce. This coin is in exceptional pristine condition! Salus (Latin: salus , "safety", "salvation", "welfare") was a Roman goddess.
She was the goddess of safety and well-being (welfare, health and prosperity) of both the individual and the state. She is sometimes equated with the Greek goddess Hygieia, though her functions differ considerably. Salus is one of the most ancient Roman Goddesses: she is also recorded once as Salus Semonia , a fact that might hint to her belonging to the category of the Semones , such as god Semo Sancus Dius Fidius. This view though is disputed among scholars.
The issue is discussed in the section below. The two gods had temples in Rome on the Collis Salutaris and Mucialis respectively, two adjacent hilltops of the Quirinal, located in the regio known as Alta Semita. Her temple, as Salus Publica Populi Romani , was voted in 304 BC, during the Samnite wars, by dictator Gaius Junius Bubulcus Brutus, dedicated on 5 August 302 and adorned with frescos at the order of Gaius Fabius Pictor. The high antiquity and importance of her cult is testified by the little-known ceremony of the Augurium Salutis , held every year on August 5 for the preservation of the Roman state.
Her cult was spread over all Italy. Literary sources record relationships with Fortuna and Spes. She started to be increasingly associated to Valetudo, the Goddess of Personal Health, which was the real romanized name of Hygieia. Later she became more a protector of personal health. Around 180 BCE sacrificial rites in honour of Apollo, Aesculapius, and Salus took place there (Livius XL, 37).
There was a statue to Salus in the temple of Concordia. She is first known to be associated with the snake of Aesculapius from a coin of 55 BC minted by M. Her festival was celebrated on March 30. Carinus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Carinus Augustus ; died 285) was Roman Emperor from 283 to 285. The elder son of emperor Carus, he was first appointed Caesar and in the beginning of 283 co-emperor of the western portion of the empire by his father.
Official accounts of his character and career have been filtered through the propaganda of his successful opponent, Diocletian. More certainly, he celebrated the annual ludi Romani on a scale of unexampled magnificence. After the death of Carus, the army in the east demanded to return to Europe, and Numerian, the younger son of Carus, was forced to comply.
During a halt at Chalcedon, Numerian was found dead. Diocletian, commander of the body-guards, claimed that Numerian had been assassinated, and he was proclaimed emperor by the soldiers.
Carinus left Rome at once and set out for the east to meet Diocletian. On his way through Pannonia he put down the usurper Sabinus Julianus and in July 285 he encountered the army of Diocletian at the Margus River in Moesia. Historians differ on what then ensued. At the Battle of the Margus River (Morava), according to one account, the valour of his troops had gained the day, but Carinus was assassinated by a tribune whose wife he had seduced. Another account represents the battle as resulting in a complete victory for Diocletian, and claims that Carinus' army deserted him.
This account may be confirmed by the fact that Diocletian kept in service Carinus' Praetorian Guard commander, Titus Claudius Aurelius Aristobulus. Carinus has a reputation as one of the worst Roman emperors.
This infamy may have been supported by Diocletian himself. For example, the (unreliable) Historia Augusta has Carinus marrying nine wives, while neglecting to mention his only real wife, Magnia Urbica, by whom he had a son, Marcus Aurelius Nigrinianus. After his death, Carinus' memory was officially condemned in the Roman proceeding known as Damnatio Memoriae. His name, along with that of his wife, was erased from inscriptions.
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The seller is "highrating_lowprice" and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.